Milankovitch's uzorao heavenly furrow at the end of the second, and the results of that work požnjećemo in the third millennium.
MILUTUN MILANKOVIĆ (1879 - 1958)
Milutin Milankovitch, astronomer, geophysicist, climate scientist, mathematician, engineer inventor, Dr. technique, a university professor, writer, was born in A further 28 May 1879 in a respectable family. About his ancestors in genealogy which was compiled for the period from 1690 until 1940, Milankovitch says:
"Milankovic descendants, which was named after him Milankovica lived in A further two and a half centuries. Their abilities and striving for higher climbed to the rank of intellectuals and college boy has his third knee, my grandfather Todor, who finished the science of law and educated their sons. " (Memories, experiences and insights, 1879 - 1909, childhood and adolescence, p. 10th)
Milutinov father Milan and mother Elizabeth, from a respectable family Muačević Osijek, spawned the six children, three of whom died in infancy and early childhood, and longlasting were only Milutin, his twin sister Milena and younger brother Bogdan, known romanista and musicologist. Milan Milankovitch kept the action with colonial goods that ships Danube flowed from Vienna, Pressburg and Budapest. Milutinov father died very young, when Milutin was only six years old, so the care of children and the estate of over fifty acres of fields and vineyards, in addition to the mother, took over their uncle Vasa Muačević, who will take care of Milutin until this does not starts to that income is gained through engineering practice.
Milutin not regularly attended elementary school, but he had private tutors and all four grades of elementary school passed the odjednom1889. year. Great influence on the formation of Milankovitch's personality was the birthplace and its environment, particularly the majestic Danube that flowed beside their garden.
"When night fell, and appeared in the sky the stars in that countless who is seen only in the wild, the Danube looked more beautiful, mysterious and magnificent than during the day. And when looking moonlight, it was magical. It was a pleasure to sit in our garden, observe its silver talaščiće and listen to their sound. Beyond his flesh with these trees singing of countless singers. These were the frogs ... happy we listened to that music. She was the anthem of life, nature and eternal stellar sky over our heads. "(Nav. Offense, p.78.)
In 1889, Milutin enrolled in a gymnasium in Osijek. Here a crucial role in his life commitment to have a mathematics professor Vladimir Varicak, afterward famous mathematician, member of the Academy and Belgrade.
"I've had Varicak said that in the realm of science is somewhere uninhabited and uncultivated regions outside or between apprenticeship dense settlements. Stade to think where these are located entirely or inadequately treated ends that I there could acquire his humble apprenticeship posed, and perhaps the whole manor. "
In 1896 he entered the Milankovitch to study construction techniques, where for six years acquired the status of graduate engineers, and in 1904 he became a Doctor of Technical Sciences. Since 1905th to 1909th works as a civil engineer in several Viennese companies and affirmation acquired as a designer reinforced - concrete buildings. Applying six patents whose application will be built numerous buildings in the territory of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
At the invitation of the famous scientist John Cvijića, Mihailo Petrovic and Bogdan Gavrilovic, Milankovitch leaves lucrative job and accepts the position of associate professor of applied mathematics at the just-founded the University of Belgrade. On this duty will remain until his retirement in 1955.
In the meantime, he was elected full member of SASA and corresponding member of the Academy, he spent the first world war interned in Budapest, published his most important works, participated in international scientific meetings.
He died in Belgrade on 12 December 1958, in its sole discretion, his remains were transferred to Dalj, 1966, where he rests in his family tomb with his parents, sister, brothers and numerous ancestors among whom were peasants and warriors, officers and generals, court counselors and public tribunes, inventor and philosopher.
He confided to its inhabitants, Daljcima, to take care of his earthly remains and his spirit and work have long been a part of world heritage.
Milankovitch dealt crucial cosmic and human issues, sun and ice, of whose mutual relations depends on the emergence and survival of life in the universe. The modest conditions, with the help of pen and paper, is mathematically explained the causes, onset and duration of ice ages on Earth, proved the connection between celestial mechanics and the earth's climate, set theory movements of the Earth's north pole.
The most important works of the Milankovitch On the application of the mathematical theory of heat conducting problems of cosmic physics and Canon of insolation of the Earth and its application to the ice ages.
In addition, the Milankovitch is significant and as a writer. His popular science book Through the Universe and the Ages is one of the best in its genre, as well as three volume memoir memories, experiences and knowledge, where memories of the birth house, Next and its surroundings printed exceptional lyrical tones.
Milankovitch's creator hitherto most accurate calendar, which is the calendar year only 2 seconds longer than the current tropical year. Milankovitch calendar would require a correction of only 28,000 years ago. This calendar was officially adopted at the Ecumenical Council of Constantinople in 1923, but has never been applied in practice.
Like all visionaries, Milankovitch did not live to his theories gain full recognition. Only since 1976, when the empirical research has proven the accuracy Milankovićevih theory, his reputation in world science is growing rapidly.
His capital offense Canon of insolation and its application to the ice ages are classified in the most important scientific works of the 20th century. Milutin world science ranked among the top 5 scientists of the 20th century, and NASA, the Agency for Space Studies, one of the 15 greatest scientists of all time who dealt with the planet Earth.
The Milankovitch honor of a crater on the Moon, Mars and one on one planetoid named in his honor. One future expeditions to Mars noses Milankovitch name. UNESCO is the year 2009, the 130th anniversary of the birth naučnikovog, declared Milankovitch year. The world held an international scientific symposia devoted Milankovica and global climate change on Earth makes his work a permanent current.