Milankovitch's uzorao heavenly groove at the end of the second, and the results of that work požnjećemo in the third millennium.
MILUTUN MILANKOVIĆ (1879-1958).
Milutin Milankovitch, astronomer, geophysicist, climate scientist, mathematician, engineer inventor, Dr. techniques, university professor, writer, was born in Dalj 28th May 1879th in a respectable family. About their ancestors, the genealogy compiled by the period of the 1690th until the 1940s. year Milankovitch says:
"MILANKA offspring, which was named after him Milankovica lived shall further two and a half centuries. Their abilities and aspire to higher and went up to the rank of intellectuals and college boy, but his third knee, my grandfather Todor, who finished the science of law and educated their children. " (Memories, experiences and insights 1879 - 1909th, childhood and adolescence, page 10.)
Milutin's father and mother Milan Jelisaveta, from respectable family Muačević Osijek, spawned the six children, three of whom died in childhood and adolescence, and everlasting were just Milutin, his twin sister and younger brother Milena Bogdan, known romanista and musicologist. Milan Milankovitch held the action to colonial goods which ships Danube flowed from Vienna, Pressburg and Budapest. Milutin's father died very young, when Milutin was only six years old, so the care of children and the estate of over fifty acres of arable land and vineyards, in addition to the mother, took over their uncle Vasa Muačević, who will take care of Milutin until this does not it starts to make profit through engineering practice.
Milutin not regularly attended elementary school, but had private tutors and four graders passed the odjednom1889. year. Great influence on the formation of personality Milankovitch had birthplace and its environment, particularly the majestic Danube that flowed near their gardens.
"When night fell, and appeared in the sky the stars in that countless numbers who are seen only in the wild, the Danube looked more beautiful, mysterious and magnificent than during the day. And when it forms moonlight, it was magical. It was a pleasure sit in our garden, to observe its silver talaščiće and listen to their noise. On the other side of his flesh with these trees singing of countless singers. These were the frogs ... glad we listened to the music. It was the anthem of life, nature and eternal stellar sky over our heads. "(Op. cit, p.78.)
Year in 1889. Milutin is entered in the gymnasium in Osijek. Here a crucial role in his life commitment to have a mathematics professor Vladimir Varićak, latter known mathematician, member of the Academy and SASA.
"I've had Varićak said that in the realm of science has somewhere uninhabited and uncultivated areas outside or between apprenticeship dense settlements. So I think that where you are completely or sufficiently processed ends there I could get my humble apprenticeship posed, and perhaps the entire estate. "
The 1896th entered Milankovitch to study construction techniques, where for six years confers title of engineer, and in 1904. He became a doctor of technical sciences. Since 1905th to 1909th working as a civil engineer in several Viennese firm, and affirmation as a designer gets reinforced - concrete buildings. Reported six patents whose application will be built numerous buildings in the former Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
At the invitation of the famous scientist John Cvijića, Mihailo Petrovic and Bogdan Gavrilovic, Milankovitch leaves lucrative job and accepts the position of extraordinary professor of applied mathematics at the newly founded University of Belgrade. This duty will remain until his retirement in 1955th year.
In the meantime, he was elected a full member of SASA and corresponding member of the Academy, he spent the first world war in internment in Budapest, published his most important works, participated in international scientific meetings.
He died in Belgrade on 12th December in 1958. year, and according to his wishes, his remains were transferred to Dalj, 1966th year, where he rests in his family tomb with his parents, sisters, brothers and many ancestors among whom were farmers and warriors, officers and generals, court counselors and public tribune, inventor and philosopher.
Entrusted to its inhabitants, Daljcima, to take care of his earthly remains, and his spirit and work have long been a part of world heritage.
Milankovitch dealt crucial cosmic and human issues, sun and ice, of whose mutual relations depends emergence and survival of life in the universe. In poor conditions, with the help of pen and paper, mathematically explained the causes, onset and duration of ice ages on Earth, proved the connection between celestial mechanics and the earth's climate, set theory, moving the northern half of the Earth.
Milankovitch's most important works are The application of mathematical theory of conducting heat to the problems of cosmic physics and Kanon insolation of Earth and its application to the problem of ice ages.
In addition, the Milankovitch is significant and as a writer. His popular science book Through the Universe and centuries is one of the best in its genre, as well as the three volume memoir, memories, experiences and knowledge, where memories of the house where, on and its surroundings printed exceptional lyrical tones.
Milankovitch's creator so far the most accurate calendar, which is the calendar year only 2 seconds longer than the current tropical year. Milankovitch calendar would require corrections only for 28,000 years. This calendar was officially adopted at the Ecumenical Council of Constantinople 1923rd years, but has never been applied in practice.
Like all visionaries, Milankovitch did not live to his theories gain full recognition. Only since 1976. year when on empirical research has proven the accuracy Milankovićevih theory, his reputation in world science is growing rapidly.
His major work Kanon solar radiation and its application to the problem of ice ages are classified in the most important scientific works of the 20th Ages. Milutin world science ranked among the greatest scientists of the 20th 5 century, a NASA space agency study, among the 15 greatest scientists of all time who dealt with the planet Earth.
The Milankovitch honor a crater on the moon, one on Mars and one planetoid named in his honor. One future expeditions to Mars noses Milankovitch name. UNESCO's 2009th year, on the occasion of the 130th naučnikovog birth anniversary, declared Milankovitch year. The world held an international scientific symposia devoted Milankovitch, a global climate change on Earth makes his work a permanent current.