Milankovitch's uzorao heavenly groove at the end of the second, and the results of that work požnjećemo in the third millennium.
MILUTUN MILANKOVIĆ (1879-1958).
Milutin Milankovitch, astronomer, geophysicist, climate scientist, mathematician, engineer inventor, Dr. technique, a university professor, writer, was born in Dalj 28th May 1879th in a respectable family. About their ancestors, the genealogy that is compiled for the period from 1690th until the 1940s. years, Milankovitch says:
"Milankovic offspring, which was named after him Milankovica lived in A further two and a half centuries. His ability and aspiration to higher climbed the ranking intellectuals and college boy has his third knees, my grandfather Todor, which ended legal science, and educated their sons. " (Memories, experiences and insights 1879 - 1909th, Childhood and Youth, page 10.)
Milan Milutinov father and mother Jelisaveta, from respectable family Muačević Osijek, beget the six children, three of whom died in childhood and early youth, and longlasting were only Milutin, his twin sister and younger brother Milena Bogdan, known romanista and musicologist. Milan Milankovitch kept the action with colonial goods that flowed ships Danube from Vienna, Pressburg and Budapest. Milutinov father died very young, when Milutin was only six years old, so that the care of children and the estate of over fifty acres of arable land and vineyards, in addition to the mother, took over their uncle Vasa Muačević, who will take care of Milutin long as this does not starts to that income is through engineering practice.
Milutin not regularly attended elementary school, but had private tutors and all four grades of elementary school passed the odjednom1889. year. Great influence on the formation of personality Milanković had Birthplace and its environment, especially the magnificent Danube that flowed beside their gardens.
"When night fell, and the sky appeared to that of countless stars that are seen only in the wild, the Danube looked more beautiful, mysterious and nobler than during the day. And when it forms a clear moonlight, it was magical. It was a pleasure sit in our garden, observe its silver talaščiće and listen to their sound. Beyond his flesh with these trees singing of countless singers. These were frogs ... happy we listened to the music. It was the anthem of life, nature and eternal stellar sky over our heads. "(Op. cit, p.78.)
The year 1889. Milutin enrolled in the gymnasium in Osijek. There will be a vital role in his life commitment to have a mathematics professor Vladimir Varicak, latter-known mathematician, member of the Academy and Belgrade.
"I've had Varicak said that in the realm of science there somewhere uninhabited and uncultivated regions outside or between apprenticeship dense settlements. So I think that is where you are completely or sufficiently processed ends there that I could gain his humble apprenticeship posed, and perhaps the whole manor. "
The year 1896. enter the Milankovitch to study construction techniques, where for six years acquired the status of graduate engineers, and in 1904. he became Doctor of Technical Sciences. Since 1905th to 1909th works as a civil engineer in several Viennese firm, and affirmation acquired as a designer reinforced - concrete buildings. Applying six patents whose application will be built numerous buildings in the area of the former Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
At the invitation of the famous scientist John Cvijica, Mihailo Petrovic and Bogdan Gavrilovic, Milankovitch leaves lucrative job and accepts the position of associate professor of applied mathematics at the just-founded the University of Belgrade. This duty will remain until his retirement in 1955th year.
In the meantime, he was elected full member of the Serbian Academy of Science and corresponding member of the Academy, he spent the first world war interned in Budapest, published his most important works, participated in international scientific meetings.
He died in Belgrade on 12th December in 1958. , and in its sole discretion, his remains were transferred to Dalj, in 1966. years, where he rests in his family tomb with his parents, sister, brothers and numerous ancestors among whom were farmers and warriors, officers and generals, court counselors and public tribune, inventor and philosopher.
He confided to its inhabitants, Daljcima, to take care of his earthly remains and his spirit and work have long been a part of world heritage.
Milankovitch dealt crucial cosmic and human issues, sun and ice, of whose mutual relations depends on the emergence and survival of life in the universe. In poor conditions, with the help of pen and paper, mathematically explained the causes, onset and duration of ice ages on Earth, proved the connection between celestial mechanics and the earth's climate, set theory movements of the Earth's northern half.
Milankovitch's most important works are The application of the mathematical theory of conducting heat to the problems of cosmic physics and Canon of insolation of the Earth and its application to the problem of ice ages.
In addition, the Milankovitch is significant and as a writer. His popular science book Through the Universe and the centuries is one of the best in its genre, as well as three volume memoir, memories, experiences and knowledge, where memories of the birth house, on and its surroundings printed exceptional lyrical tones.
Milankovitch's creator far the most accurate calendar, which is the calendar year only 2 seconds longer than the current tropical year. Milankovitch calendar would require correction only for 28,000 years. This calendar was officially adopted at the Ecumenical Council of Constantinople 1923rd years, but has never been applied in practice.
Like all visionaries, Milankovitch did not live to his theories gain full recognition. Only since 1976. when the empirical research has proven the accuracy Milankovićevih theory, his reputation in world science is growing rapidly.
His capital work Kanon solar radiation and its application to the problem of ice ages are classified in the most important scientific works of the 20th Ages. Milutin World of Science is ranked among the top 5 apprentices 20th century, and the NASA space agency research, among the top 15 all-time scientists who have studied the planet Earth.
The Milankovitch honor of a crater on the moon, one on Mars and one planetoid named in his honor. One of the future expedition to Mars noses Milankovitch name. UNESCO's 2009th year, on the occasion of the 130th naučnikovog birth anniversary, declared the Milankovitch year. The world held an international scientific symposia devoted Milankovic, and global climate change on Earth makes his work a permanent current.